Juvenile charges in Alabama
When people who are considered to be minors commit crimes, they go through juvenile rather than adult criminal proceedings. In most states, minors are considered to be those between the ages of 10 and 18, but in Alabama, the age of majority is 19.
Due to the fact that juveniles do not have as many rights as adults, but they are also given greater considerations and protections because of their age. As a result, charges are handled in a different manner. While adults are charged with crimes, those under the age of majority are charged with delinquent acts. Additionally, adjudication hearings are handled by judges, and trials are not held in front of juries. Rulings are based on what is in the best interest of the child.
It is important to note that people considered to be juveniles will normally be tried as a juvenile, but there are exceptions. If a person commits a crime that is considered to be severe enough, they may still be tried as an adult, even if they are under the age determined by the state to be considered a juvenile.
Although people sometimes have the impression that convictions while someone is underage do not have the same implications of convictions when someone is an adult, the reality is there are a variety of significant consequences for minors. Additionally, since some circumstances may lead to an individual being charged as an adult, people should not dismiss the importance of these cases. A lawyer may be able to build a defense for someone facing criminal charges as well as let them know what to expect.